dimanche 27 mars 2011

Dear flyer

Dear flyer,

This letter is addressed to people who are planning to fly, and concerns the invasive screening procedures (naked body scanners, groping pat-downs) in place by the TSA.

This letter is not addressed to you if any of the following applies:
  • You haven't heard about the invasive screening procedures
  • You support the screening procedures claiming "safety first", or "anything for safety".
In this case, instead of reading this letter, read my previous blog post, where I explain why these procedures are wrong, or, better yet, watch this video by security expert Bruce Schneier, where he explains why they are pointless security theater.

This letter applies to you if all of the following conditions are true. If any are not true, then this letter is irrelevant to you.

Condition 1 – You are flying
This letter applies to you if you are planning to fly a commercial airline in, from, to, or over the United States (or anywhere else where the naked body scanners are being used). You are flying for any of the following reasons:
  • Life or death emergency, or
  • Requirement for work, or
  • Leisure/vacation
This letter is primarily addressed to those flying for leisure/vacation, but does also apply to those who must fly.

Condition 2 – You disagree with the TSA screenings
This letter applies to you if you agree with at least one of the following:
  • The body scanners are ineffective, or
  • The body scanners are a waste of taxpayer money, or
  • The body scanners and/or pat-downs are a waste of time, or
  • The body scanners may emit cancer-causing radiation, or
  • The body scanners and/or pat-downs are an invasion of privacy, or
  • The body scanners and/or pat-downs are an attack on basic human dignities, or
  • The pat-downs can be likened to molestation or sexual assault, or
  • The body scanners and/or pat-downs violate the fourth amendment

Condition 3 – You are doing nothing to protest
This letter applies to you if you have not done a single action from the following list (it really should apply if you have done less than 4 or 5 items from the list):
  • Participated in a protest against the TSA screenings
  • Plan to, or have actually executed, a personal protest when going through security at the airport. This includes any of the following actions:
    • Wearing a t-shirt clearly protesting the TSA's actions. For example, a t-shirt which says "Hands off, TSA"
    • Handing out a copy of the Constitution (or at least the Bill of Rights) to the TSA agents screening you through security
    • Wearing messages on your skin or clothes clearly protesting the TSA's actions (ex: references to the fourth amendment)
    • Refusing to go through the body scanner and pat-down
  • Written a letter to your House of Representatives congressman about the invasive screenings.
  • Written a letter to both your senators
  • Written a letter to the president
  • Written a letter to the TSA
  • Written a letter to one or more airlines
  • Handed out flyers or other literature on the street raising awareness about the invasive screening procedures

    My message to you
    If conditions 1, 2 and 3 all apply to you, this is my message to you:

    I almost hope that you are selected for a naked body scan and a groping pat-down when you fly. Unfortunately, experiencing this humiliation first hand may be the only way to encourage you to take action toward stopping the invasive screening procedures.

    Please note that I am not hoping for any permanent damage (like cancer from the scanner, or serious emotional trauma from a pat-down).  I just believe that having an experience which is embarrassing or humiliating enough to spur you into taking some action would have a positive end result.

    If this seems offensive or immoral to wish this on anybody, I would like to point out that disagreeing with the TSA invasive screening procedures, and at the same time supporting the tyranny while continuing to fly, while doing absolutely nothing to protest these invasive actions, is the truly offensive and immoral action.

    I regret that I have to wish this humiliation on anybody, but for those who disagree with the procedures, yet do nothing about it (except contributing to it by continuing to fly), this is simply what is required to motivate them to take at least some action.

    If you find yourself offended by my message to you, all you have to do is choose as many of the protesting actions from condition 3 as possible (really, most of them are quite easy!), do these actions, and I will no longer wish this humiliation upon you :)

    (As a side note, I do also hope that those who promote the idea of "anything for safety" are also humiliated at the airport, pushing them into realization and then action, but it is more urgent to motivate those who already disagree to take action).

    Excuses for non-action
    If you believe there is nothing you can do to protest, please see above condition 3. There are several ideas.

    If you believe that you cannot make a difference, or that any attempt at trying to protest is futile since "this generation" is too apathetic to make a difference, I believe a scene from the movie Contact illustrates the flaw in this thinking. In this scene, the main character Ellie Arroway is frustrated that she is not chosen for a mission, based on unfair criteria. She complains that this is not fair, to which the person chosen for the mission, David Drumlin, basically replies "life isn't fair":

    David Drumlin: I know you must think this is all very unfair. Maybe that's an understatement. What you don't know is I agree. I wish the world was a place where fair was the bottom line, where the kind of idealism you showed at the hearing was rewarded, not taken advantage of. Unfortunately, we don't live in that world.

    Ellie Arroway: Funny, I've always believed that the world is what we make of it.

    The key here is Ellie's response: "the world is what we make of it". The world is what we make of it. If you believe the current generation is too apathetic to make a difference, yet you are not willing to even attempt to make a difference, or you are waiting for somebody else to take action, then the problem is really you. You and I decide what kind of world we want to live in.

    Thank you for your time, dear flyer.

    lundi 21 mars 2011

    Bike road trip from Paris to Bordeaux

    This month I finally had the opportunity to go on a road trip in France, by bicycle. The trip was about 665 km, from Paris to Bordeaux. Here is an overview of the stops, from Google maps:

    The initial goal was to do about 60km per day, over 10 days. In the end, it took 12 days. The list of stops:
    A: Paris
    B: Etampes
    C: Orléans
    D: Beaugency
    E: Blois
    F: Tours
    G: Richelieu
    H: Poitiers
    I: Ruffec
    J: Cognac
    K: Blaye
    L: Bordeaux

    I had not done any training or preparation for this trip, and I lead a pretty sedentary lifestyle. This means that if I can do it, anybody can :) All that is required is motivation! (Ok and a few more things I'll get into.)


    Below are my actual tracks, seen in Google Earth, with the data extracted from my GPS.

    Zoomed out to see how the path fits in with the whole area of France (click for larger picture):

    Zoomed in a bit (click for larger picture):

    Here is a video simulation of the trip:


    Getting into shape
    The most difficult leg of the trip was from (B) Etampes to (C) Orléans, about 60km. This was only day two of the trip, and most of the trip was through wide open fields. While this makes for beautiful scenery, it was also quite windy. The wind, coupled with my not being in the best shape, led me to overexert myself, greatly straining my knees in the process. I had initially planned to bike the following day another 60km to (E) Blois, but I could barely get myself to mostly walk 32km to (D) Beaugency. :) I ended up staying an extra day in Beaugency, most of it spent in bed recovering :) After this rest day, I think I was in better shape than before the trip started!

    I did have a drizzle on a couple of days. Even with a slight drizzle, being out in it long enough can get you soaked :) Fortunately I had a rain poncho which kept my backpack and its contents completely dry. I only had to deal with uncomfortable wet legs for a few hours. The most challenging weather I had was from Ruffec to Cognac, where for most of the trip, there was a constant drizzle, wind (though not as bad as on the road to Orléans), which when added to the hills, made for a relatively difficult trip. I was very glad to find a heater in the hotel room at Cognac that afternoon :)

    The bike:
    My bike is almost a bottom-of-the-line mountain bike. I purchased it in 2006 for about 120 €. I believe it was the second cheapest bicycle at Carrefour. This shows that you don't need a top-of-the-line bike to do a long road trip, though I'm sure a higher quality bicycle could make life easier. :)

    My backpack:
    I carried all my supplies in a regular sized backpack. Here is the list of all my supplies, either inside my backpack or on my person:

    • A hat
    • A few pairs of socks
    • A few pairs of underwear
    • Three shirts
    • Two shorts
    • 1 pair of pants. Not jeans. The pants I brought were lightweight and dried quickly.
    • A rain poncho
    • A fluorescent yellow reflective safety vest
    • Reflective clips for pants/socks.
    Bike tools:
    • Bike pump
    • 1 inner tube
    • 1 small can of lubricant for the chain and gears
    • Screwdriver
    • A Garmin Dakota 10 GPS, mounted on the handlebar
    • An odometer which died along the way
    • Alkaline batteries for the GPS and rear light
    • Camera
    • Cell phone
    • Charger for camera and cell phone
    • Can opener (which I actually never had to use)
    • 1 spoon
    • A bag of cereal and dried fruits and nuts
    • 1 meal: usually one canned food item plus one fruit
    • Toothpaste
    • Toothbrush
    • Sunscreen
    • Deodorant
    • Four fold-out maps of the various regions I was going through.
    This was all I could fit in my backpack. If there was one more thing I wish I had brought, it would have been a comb! :) And maybe some moist napkins, to wipe my hands. At some point, the chain on my bike came off, and my hands became completely black in the process of putting it back on. I had nothing to clean my hands with, and resorted to using leaves, which didn't work so well... :) I believe the people at the hotel that night thought I was a homeless bum, because of my dirty appearance :)

    Things I bought along the way:
    • A bike seat. After a few days on the road, I painfully discovered that a quality bike seat would be worth an investment :) I bought a Selle SMP TRK seat at a bike shop in Poitiers for 39 €, and it was the best purchase I made during this trip.
    • Shoes. I wasn't sure if my shoes would last through another 60km, so at Tours I treated myself to a new pair.

    I spent every night in a hotel. I simply did not have room to carry a tent to go camping, and, quite frankly, the nice warm shower in a hotel after a day of biking was always very welcome :)

    While, in theory, this trip could probably be done strictly with paper maps and no technology like a GPS or smart phone, using these technologies allowed me to focus on the riding and to enjoy the trip.

    While I didn't always follow the GPS directions exactly, it was still extremely useful to see where I was. Often the fold-out map would indicate a route as D42 (route départmentale number 42), but the actual street would either not be labeled at all, or be labelled something like “Rue de Jacques Chirac”. Try navigating that with only paper maps. :P Also, as I avoided taking the high-traffic streets, my paths were often comprised of many different small streets, mixed with some medium-traffic routes, often traveling from small town to small town. Navigating from one major city to the next, without a GPS, would require writing down or memorizing a list of 15-20 different routes and small towns to travel through (not to mention, if you DO happen to get lost, having to stop and pull out the big fold-out map to figure out where you are...). Vive la technologie !
    Plus, tracking my position with the GPS allows me to show some nifty stats (below) and simulations in Google Earth :)

    Smart phone:
    I had an iPhone during this trip, but any phone with internet access and a few apps would have worked just as well. The apps I used were:
    • Google maps. Sometimes a more user-friendly alternative to the GPS, when walking around inside a major city.
    • Booking.com. I booked most of my hotels the same day, on the road. As I experienced first hand, with this kind of trip it is difficult to plan in advance all the hotel bookings, as weather, physical condition, or bike condition may force a change of plans. An app like Booking.com allows you to see the prices of the hotels around you and to reserve a room. Much more useful than just riding around looking for a hotel in the city and hoping to find one with a decent price (which I did the first night at Etampes).
    • PagesJaunes (yellow pages). Google maps was disappointing in locating things like grocery stores in several of the cities I visited. On a few occasions it indicated stores that either were not grocery stores or simply addresses which did not exist. The yellow pages app was more accurate.
    • Web browser. This was useful for checking the weather. There are also some weather apps.
    • Facebook. Obviously not necessary for the trip, but a nice addition to keep in touch and post your progress. Unfortunately the iPhone Facebook app did not allow me to upload any photos, so I had to e-mail them to my boyfriend so he could upload them for me from his PC :)
    • E-mail. Also a nicety to keep in touch, but may also be necessary to show hotel booking confirmations.

    Daily Routine
    I more or less followed this routine each day, with some variations:
    • 6am: wake up, breakfast
    • 7:00am-7:30am: check out of the hotel
    • 7:30am-8:00am: leave the city
    • 8:00am-10am: riding
    • 10am: snack time :)
    • 10am-12:30: riding
    • 12:30pm: lunch time
    • 12:45pm-arrival (sometime between 1:30pm and 4:30pm): riding
    • Check in hotel
    • Find grocery store, and buy dinner and tomorrow's lunch.
    • 6:00pm: dinner
    • Plan tomorrow's trip, Facebook, E-mail, Scrabble, phone boyfriend :)
    • 9:00pm: sleep!

    Some nights I would go to sleep as early as 8pm. I must say I did a lot of sleeping during this vacation – I suppose to make up for the extra physical activity. :) I rode from about 6 to 9 hours a day.

    Doing a bike road trip can only be a truly low-cost vacation if you go camping. In my case, I indulged in the luxury of staying in hotels every night (though I usually picked the cheapest ones). Here is a breakdown of the cost of this trip:

    Hotels: 585€ (avg 53€/night)
    • Ferry at Blaye: 4€
    • Return train trip from Bordeaux back to Paris: 95€
    Food: Negligible. In fact, I probably saved money during this trip by eating mostly from grocery stores, instead of out in restaurants. :)
      Total: 684€

      Plus the investments I made:
      • Bike seat: 39€
      • Dakota 10 GPS: 180€
      • Map of France for the GPS: 40€
      Total: 259€

      So why on earth would I want to go from Paris to Bordeaux by bike, over 12 days, when it is a 3 hour trip by high speed train? Here are a few reasons:
      • A physical challenge. To find out what I am capable of. I'm not usually a sporty person, spending most of my time in front of my computer screen :) so it's nice to get out there and do some physical activity every now and then.
      • Being outside. It's a nice change to spend most of the day outside, in the fresh air. After working hard to climb a hill, it's a great feeling to coast down with the wind blowing in your face.
      • Nature, calmness. Spending the day in the open fields, in the forests, along side the rivers, being greeted by a donkey along the road, watching cows and horses grazing, …

      Here are some statistics I've extracted from my GPS. This includes the total traveling time each day from departure until arrival, including stops and breaks. The average speed would be slightly higher if I did not include my lunch break.   These speeds look pretty low to me, so people who are even moderate hobbyist cyclists should have no problem doing this trip :)

      Day Path Avg Speed (km/h) Distance (km) Time (hours)
      1 Paris-Etampes 9 63.1 6.9
      2 Etampes-Orléans 8 66.0 8.6
      3 Orléans-Beaugency 3 32.9 10.5
      5 Beaugency-Blois 6 34.6 5.6
      6 Blois-Tours 9 68.4 7.9
      7 Tours-Richelieu 9 63.1 6.8
      8 Richelieu-Potiers 10 55.8 5.9
      9 Poitiers-Ruffec 9 77.1 8.5
      10 Ruffec-Cognac 10 64.8 6.8
      11 Cognac-Blaye 10 94.6 9.3
      12 Blaye-Bordeau 10 44.7 4.3
      8.45 60.46 7.37

      665.1 81.03

      My average speed throughout the trip seemed to correlate a bit to my state of fitness :)